The role of luck in trading

Where does luck come in to trading markets?

In the previous article, we talked about trading
and probability
. Continuing to develop
this topic, let’s talk about trading and luck. What is the relation between
these two concepts? Can a trader count on luck to get profit? Is it possible to
suffer from bad luck in trading?

How random are the results of your trading?

Technical analysts propagate the
idea that there are sense and consistency to the market and there’s much to be
said in favor of that. After all, there are trends and patterns on charts that
get replicated from time to time.

However, there’s still a lot of
noise, i.e. moves of the price that can be explained by analysts only a
posteriori but not as or before they happen. This noise can mess up with a
trader’s position.

On the other hand, if things go
just as a trader thought they would without any surprises from the market, a
trader may consider himself/herself lucky. There seems to be a big element of
randomness here.

Are there any traceable borders of
the randomness we observe in financial markets? Maybe the swings of the price,
even the minor ones, are not random, it’s just that people are not able to see
the governing principle?

How strongly a trader’s success
depends on skills and how much does it rely on luck? The authors who researched
this idea a lot – Nassim Taleb, Michael Mauboussin, and Robert H. Frank came to the
unexpected conclusion that talent and e
fforts are not
enough to succeed in the modern world, you should actually find yourself in the
right place at the right time.

It means that if we look at some
traders who absolutely nailed it, it might seem that their success is the
natural result of all the actions they have made. The reality, however, is much
more complex.

Most great achievements are to
some extent marked by randomness. As the sociologist Duncan J. Watts cleverly
indicates in the name of his book “Everything Is Obvious: Once You Know the
Answer”, people have hindsight bias and underestimate the role of luck,
randomness, chance, or whatever you call it.

The conclusion is that a trader’s performance is a summary of skills and
luck, the proportion of each unknown.

Make it work

So, it’s not all up to us and the
role of chance in our life can be big enough, even though we don’t always
realize that. Where does this idea can lead?

It is abundantly clear is that one
cannot rely on the mere luck while trading. Otherwise, there would be no real
need for the word “trading” as “gambling” would suffice. A person can shape the
world around him and doubting this idea will get you nowhere.

At the same time, remember that
you are not the master of the market and you can’t wield it as you wish. The
price won’t go up just because you opened a buy trade and in no way can one
trader beat the avalanche of the market. The sin of overconfidence will be
sternly punished by the market.

So, what’s the best option here?
You have probably heard about a pattern called the Pareto Principle (we
wouldn’t go as far as to call it an objective law). It says that 80% of the
results are achieved with only 20% of the total efforts.

That, of course, doesn’t mean that
you should twiddle your thumbs and reduce the number of efforts you make to
achieve your goals. What it means is that by definition not all of your trades
will be successful and only a fifth of them will likely account for the main
chunk of your gains.

Evidently your risk/reward ratio
should be better than 1:1. Another idea to ponder is related to the time you
spend on trading. If only 20% of it is really efficient, it’s worth examining
what you do during the remaining 80% and try to optimize it.

There’s always a way to improve productivity. For example, maybe you can
spare a while for the analysis of your own trades?

To sum up, we can say that as with
many things, it’s hard to give an unambiguous answer about what really leads a
trader to success. Various factors are so closely intertwined that it’s hard to
separate them.

It’s a fact that good
mathematicians and well-read economists won’t necessarily make successful Forex traders. An understanding of
price action mechanics comes to a trader over time.

Experience will help you develop
market intuition and an ability to control your emotions. And you’ll definitely
need some luck, but the necessity of luck should in no way limit your work on

Remember that the disciplined risk
management, the healthy mental state, reasonable expectations and actions, and
the willingness to learn and practice are the things which will help you use
your luck with 100% efficiency.

P.S. Good luck in your trading!

This article was submitted by FBS.

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